OSHA COMPLIANCE: “NO EXCUSES” Leave a comment

. . . . If you own a service company be sure to take time to read this great information. During your OSHA company meetings this would be a good article to share with your team.
 
OSHA COMPLIANCE: “NO EXCUSES”
Brought to us by Jim Gillam
Editor & Publisher of
The Chimney Sweep News (SNEWS)
www.ChimneySweepNews.com
 
Rick Kaletsky, occupational health and safety consultant, outlined employers’ responsibilities under the Occupational Safety and Health Act at the National Chimney Sweep Guild convention in Hershey, PA.
 
 
There are no excuses when it comes to complying with OSHA regulations, according to Rick Kaletsky.
Rick Kaletsky is the owner of “Rick Kaletsky – imgres13494958_517252908399373_2957529261877029340_nSafety Consultant,” specializing in hazard recognition, site inspections and citation resolution. Before starting his own company, Rick was employed for twenty years by the U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration where he served as an occupational safety and health specialist and assistant area director in the agency’s Connecticut offices. He is the author of OSHA Inspections – Preparation and Response, published by McGraw-Hill.
Rick spoke before an audience of about one hundred chimney sweep business owners at the National Chimney Sweep Guild convention in Hershey, Pennsylvania.
 
Safety starts legally and morally with the employer, Rick said. “You have to provide a safe and healthful workplace. You have to train people. If they don’t know what to do and they don’t have the right equipment, you can’t expect them to be safe.
“You want to make sure that everything is safe. Every thing. Everybody. Every minute!
“You might say, ‘I’m only going up on the roof for ten minutes.’ How long do you think it takes to take that trip on the way down? Not very long!”
 
Realize What Could Happen
Rick acknowledged that chimney professionals probably have a different comfort level working at heights than the average person. But he urged us not to become complacent about our safety or overconfident about our skills.
Holding up a newspaper clipping showing a sweep standing on top of a chimney in a typical publicity pose, he exclaimed, “I just can’t believe it has to be this way!
“I don’t care how tough this guy is or how smart he is. Why can’t he get a little kink in his knee? If he does, he goes down!
“Then somebody gives some BS that it was a ‘freak accident.’ It’s not a freak accident,” he declared. “To do what this gentleman is doing is absolutely nuts! Just think about his family!
“I understand you don’t work in an office for the most part,” he acknowledged. “Chimney sweeps, masons – it’s tough stuff. But that doesn’t mean you can’t use reasonable protection and operate within the law. You don’t want to gamble with people’s lives!”
“What this is about is not just the law,” Rick cautioned. “It’s about the fact that you don’t want to visit somebody in the hospital or call someone to say that their husband or wife died on the job!”
 
The Law
The Occupational Safety and Health Act, passed in 1970, requires employers to provide employees with employment and a place of employment free from recognized hazards that are likely to cause death or serious physical harm.
Enforcement in a little more than half of the states is handled by the U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. The other states have chosen to handle their own enforcement. Their programs must be at least as stringent as federal regulations.
The law applies to any equipment in a workplace that has employees. “If you have anything that’s rented, leased, belongs to the homeowner, is old, is new, is stolen, you borrowed it – if it would be encountered in work by your employees, which could include yourself, it is yours,” Rick emphasized.
The law applies to everybody in the workplace. “That means that the boss doesn’t get to do things that other employees can’t as far as exposing themselves to danger. No matter what you make, no matter whether you are part-time or day labor or summer help, you’ve got to be protected.”
 
Why My Company?
“What attracts OSHA to the worksite?” is a question that Rick commonly hears from employers. Although there is a list of items that includes complaints from employees and special emphasis programs, he strongly urged business owners to concentrate on employee safety, not on “beating” OSHA.
“Don’t you want to protect your workers all the time?” he asked. “You don’t want to even worry about accident investigation. It’s more sensible to talk about accident prevention.
“You may not have an OSHA inspection for thirty years,” Rick said. On the other hand, they might visit your business tomorrow.
 
What to Do When OSHA Knocks
Company personnel should greet OSHA inspectors courteously and professionally and “make sure you see their credentials,” Rick advised. “Make sure you know who you are dealing with.
“They don’t think of themselves as cops, but if a $100,000 penalty can be imposed I would say they are law enforcement,” he reasoned.
After you’ve determined who you are dealing with, introduce the inspectors to the person in charge. The person in charge should also check the inspectors’ credentials, Rick suggested.
Sit down in a comfortable area. “You don’t want interruptions,” he insisted. “This really needs attention!”
Remember that you are dealing with human beings. “You might have someone who if you push him the wrong way, his eyes get bigger,” he cautioned. “Or for that matter, you might have someone who came from a job the day before where someone lost an eye.
“They are trying to see if you are complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Act standards for protecting your employees. And it’s not their job to protect your employees, it’s yours.”
The inspectors will tell you the purpose of the visit and furnish a copy of an employee complaint. They will not release the complainant’s name. “They are going to tell you the scope of the inspection,” Rick said. “But, hey, if they’re on your job in the field, they are certainly going to look at the major things: electrical, fall protection, fire hazards, etc. Figure that if they are there then they are going to look at everything.”
“Tell the truth,” Rick advised, “but don’t go ‘off-the-record.’” Excessive candor creates the impression “that you really knew” about the hazard, “not just that you should have known.”
OSHA will take photographs and may take measurements or samples. OSHA may take a look at your training, injury and illness records. OSHA may talk to your employees privately. “You are not allowed to ask them what was said,” Rick warned.
The employer is not allowed to take any adverse action against an employee who speaks up about safety. “People have a right to speak up,” Rick emphasized. “It’s not a special privilege.”
Walk Around
A company representative should accompany the OSHA inspector in the walk around the worksite, Rick suggested. “You want to know what he or she is looking at.” In addition to ensuring that the inspector is not endangered by any conditions on the worksite, you might then be able to prepare to defend yourself if necessary. “If they are going to take pictures, you might want to take pictures or videos.”
Allow complete access, Rick advised, but if somebody needs to get something done right away, let the inspectors know. “That’s okay to do,” he said. “It’s still your workplace.” However, he said it is unlikely that OSHA inspectors will postpone or cut short their visit for any but the most extraordinary reason.
“You want to let the inspectors know that you are trying to provide a safe workplace,” said Rick. “Let them know what your efforts are.”
Don’t pretend that you know it all. “Screwed up is okay,” Rick allowed. “It doesn’t mean that you aren’t going to get cited. But it’s a lot better than ‘We know everything here.’” If you know so much, if the inspectors find something wrong OSHA will assume you intentionally tolerated a hazard. “That’s where you get into serious money” if you are fined, he warned.
If you are able to point out mitigating factors that will show OSHA that it is “not as bad as looks,” then “defend yourself,” Rick encouraged.
Be sure you are wearing any necessary safety equipment during the walk around.
 
Specific Hazards
Rick offered numerous suggestions for chimney maintenance companies about specific hazards, including:
• Ladders. Keep ladders away from overhead lines. Be careful how you move a ladder around so you don’t pull a muscle. Get help if you need it. Do not cover any labels on the ladder. Be sure the ladder has the capacity for your load. An extension ladder should be extended to three rungs above whatever surface you are climbing onto. Set it up at the appropriate angle.
• Scaffolds. Watch out for overhead wires when setting up the scaffold. “In most cases, when you get to 10’ high on a scaffold, you must have perimeter protection,” Rick noted. “We’re talking about a mid-railing about 42” high.” Be sure the scaffold is set up on a stable, level base.
• Electrical. 110 volts or 220 volts can kill. Avoid exposed live parts. Portable electrical tools must be grounded or double insulated. Extension cords should be intact. Temporary power sources should be equipped with Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI). “GFCI’s rank with smoke detectors as something that doesn’t cost very much but can save your life,” Rick stated. “When you teach people about electrical hazards, make sure you keep them current,” he quipped.
• Ergonomics. “It’s very important to be flexible and warm,” Rick noted. Avoid twisting motions while lifting.
• Hazard communications. Employers are required to inform employees about hazards associated with chemicals such as flammable liquids, solvents, corrosives, compressed gas, etc. Keep Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) handy so they can be accessed in an emergency and sent with an ambulance or care provider. “You need a written program,” Rick advised, “that includes a list of substances you encounter on the job from A-Z, where the MSDS are located, and training on how to read the MSDS.”
• Protective equipment. Employers are supposed to assess the need for protective gear on any given job. Protective equipment may include eye protection with the right kind of lenses, frames, and side shields; gloves; knee pads; safety shoes; and ear protection.
• Respiratory protection. Respirators should fit tight to the face. Employees must have medical clearance to use a respirator and must be trained in proper usage and cleaning. “If you have a heavy beard, or a broken bone in your face or high cheek bones, you may need a different respirator than everybody else [positive pressure respirator], Rick suggested. Particular care must be taken if asbestos or silica is in the environment. “Don’t blow it or sweep it or vacuum it unless you have a HEPA filter,” he advised.
• Fire extinguishers. Keep an appropriate, properly charged fire extinguisher handy. Make sure your employees are trained to use it. “Sweep the base, do not knock down the flame,” he recommended.
• First aid. “If you don’t have access to an open hospital, clinic or infirmary in a hurry, you need trained first-aiders,” Rick insisted. Check the expiration date on items in your first aid kit and replace any outdated items.
• Be sure that long hair, jewelry, sleeves and shirt tails can’t get caught in drills, blades and other power tools.
• Make sure tools are in good condition.
• Separate the cargo area of your vehicle from the passenger area as a dust control measure and so that tools and equipment can’t fly up and hit the passengers or driver in an accident.
• Be careful with animals, alive or dead. He particularly warned of the danger of bird droppings. “You can get some illnesses from birds that cause lifetime disabilities. Bird droppings are very serious, I can’t stress that strongly enough!”
 
Fall Protection
“If you tie off, you want a personal fall arrest system,” Rick stated. “The anchor is the most important thing.” You must be tied off while using an articulating boom.
 
Jim Brewer (Magic Sweep Chimney Sweep, Chesapeake, VA) wondered whether “you have any good, practical advice when we’re sending guys out, for five jobs in an average day where they are on the roof for ten to fifteen minutes per job?”
Jim continued, “If we start doing fall protection – I know what the law says – I’m going to double my time on the job. I’m going to expose my guys to more hazards setting all this rigging up, compared with training them how to walk on a roof. The economics of it is that I’m going to be charging twice as much as my competition and I’m going to go out of business. Fall protection drives me nuts!” he exclaimed exasperatedly.
“I realize fall protection is tough issue for this crowd,” Rick acknowledged. “Remember as far as economics goes, if one of your guys gets hurt, it’s not just the immediate cost. You are paying forever.”
[See SNEWS – July 2003 for more on fall protection, ladders and scaffolds.]
 
Lobby for an Anchor Point
Rick suggested that the National Guild should lobby with the code bodies for a provision that would require installation of a tie-off anchor point in new construction.
“People may say it will cost money to put it in,” Rick anticipated, “but they will save that money every time they have a contractor or their own maintenance people not have to worry about falling off the building!”
 
Repeated Accidents
If someone is injured repeatedly, “find out why they are getting hurt,” Rick advised.
“If Johnny gets hurt three times, maybe he hasn’t been trained right. Does he have an unsafe job, or unsafe equipment? Is he drinking? Does he have a bad leg or bad eyes?
Does he have a bad attitude? You need to get to the root of the problem.
“No one should ever be disciplined for getting hurt,” he added.
 
Training Documentation
Rick recommended documenting your safety training. “You don’t need fancy notes,” he said. “Write down who came that day and have them sign it. If they need an interpreter, note that. If someone only speaks Spanish or Laotian, find someone who can deal with it. Don’t leave anyone behind in the system. Give them real training!”
Specific items for ladder training include securing, the approximate angle, the overlap, and correct ascent and descent. “Never assume that because these people are adults, they know how to climb a ladder,” he cautioned. “That’s not good enough. Go over it with them.”
 
Closing Conference
As for the opening conference, provide a quiet, comfortable setting. Listen carefully to what the inspectors have to say, repeating their words for clarity.
Don’t wait for a citation to explain or defend yourself, Rick suggested. “A citation is something you would rather avoid.”
OSHA will discuss methods of correction and provide a deadline for correction.
There is an appeal procedure available if you disagree with OSHA’s decision.
OSHA Standards
Standards can be found on the OSHA website, www.osha.gov. “It would be a good idea to purchase the construction and/or general industry standards,” Rick suggested.
 
“There are lots of hazards out there, he cautioned. “Please don’t gamble with the lives, the lungs, the limbs, the eyes of your employees.”
Saying that he hoped his presentation “soots” our needs, Rick concluded, “although you may have to make some changes in your safety program, I don’t think you’re going to need a clean sweep of all of it.”
Rick covers this topic in much greater detail in his book, OSHA Inspections: Preparation and Response (Updated for 2002), available from him directly at 203-393-1233 or rkaletsky@aol.com.
Rick Kaletsky, occupational health and safety consultant, outlined employers’ responsibilities under the Occupational Safety and Health Act at the National Chimney Sweep Guild convention in Hershey, PA.
 
OSHA COMPLIANCE: “NO EXCUSES”
 
Thanks so much to Jim Gillam for this very informative reporting !
Editor & Publisher of
The Chimney Sweep News (SNEWS)
www.ChimneySweepNews.com
 
“ . . . if your not reading SNEWS maybe the question is, why not?
Clay Lamb
Clay Lamb

Clay Lamb

Clay Lamb is a Cincinnati Chimney Sweep contractor and the executive producer of the YouTube channel, podcast, and blog Ask the Chimney Sweep. He is also an award-winning educator and public speaker in the chimney and fireplace industry.

AsktheChimneySweep.com….Educational Videos
FireplaceandChimneySupply.com….Chimney products
AmChimney.com….American Chimney Cincinnati, OH
Clay Lamb

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *